Home' Asian Aviation : AAV May 2016 Contents 24 AsianAviation | MAY 2016
primarily from Chinese carriers.
Although designed and manufactured in China,
both aircraft have significant Western input, including
from suppliers Honeywell, CFM International,
Rockwell Collins, Goodrich and Parker Aerospace.
On the C919, for example, Honeywell supplies the
flight control systems, wheels and brakes, auxiliary
power units, and navigation systems, as well as
providing engineering and training support to
COMAC to help improve the safety, reliability and
operational efficiency of the C919.
In Indonesia, meanwhile, PT Dirgantara Indonesia
(PTDI or Indonesian Aerospace) is developing the
N219 regional aircraft to meet the specific regional
transportation needs of the country. With more
than 17,000 islands and large populations living in
mountainous environments, air transport is the only
means for many Indonesians to get from one place
to another. The Indonesian government subsidises
such regional operations, called pioneer flights.
A robust aircraft is required for such operations,
says the manufacturer, with the N219 being just that
aircraft in its eyes. “The N219 is designed to meet
the needs for pioneer flights of extreme geographical
characteristics, where the majority of airfields are
very short airstrips, unpaved runways and are located
at high altitude areas,” it explains.
The N219 has been designed as a multi-purpose
aircraft – suitable for troop transport, VIP transport,
cargo, surveillance, search and rescue and medical
evacuation, as well as passenger transportation. In
passenger transport mode it has a capacity for 19
passengers and the largest cabin cross section in its
class, according to Indonesian Aerospace. It features
an advanced avionics suite, fixed tri-cycle landing
gear and a wide cargo door for multi-role capability
and quick change configuration.
Powered by two Pratt & Whitney PT6A-42
turboprops driving Hartzell four-blade propellers, the
N219 has a robust aluminium airframe, outstanding
short takeoff and landing capability, large cabin and
advanced avionics, says the manufacturer. It will have
a maximum takeoff weight of 7,030kg and a range
with full payload of 145nm.
The first prototype was rolled out from the
manufacturer’s Bandung facility last November,
with first flight now scheduled for August this year,
according to Palmana Banandhi, chief engineer.
Certification is targeted for between May and August
next year, he adds.
Four prototypes will be used in the certification
programme, says Banandhi, with two used for flying
and two for structural tests.
The manufacturer is initially focusing on the local
market for sales, with memoranda of understanding
already signed with Indonesian carriers for 75
N219s, he says. The manufacturer is aiming for sales
of 150-200 aircraft in the first five to 10 years of the
programme. Once Indonesian demand is fulfilled,
the manufacturer is aiming for European or U.S.
certification for the international market.
Beyond the N219, the Indonesian manufacturer
is planning to develop a 50-seater, the N245, which
is a variant of the Airbus CN235 tactical transport
which the manufacturer already produces in
Indonesia under type certificate. The N245 will be
a stretch version of the CN235 featuring improved
systems and focused at the commercial market, says
Banandhi. The manufacturer aims to complete the
first N245 in 2019, he adds.
PTDI says it has core competence in aircraft design
and development, aircraft structure manufacturing,
aircraft assembly and services for both military
and civilian aircraft. As well as working with Airbus
on the CN235, it also works with the European
manufacturer producing the NC212i – “an improved
version of the C212-400” light transport aircraft –
and is a component supplier, final assembly and
delivery centre for the CN295. PTDI has delivered
more than 362 aircraft to 49 operators, it says.
It also works on numerous helicopter programmes
under licence from Airbus Helicopters and Bell
Helicopter, and supplies components and tools for
Airbus commercial aircraft.
The Indonesian manufacturer had lofty ambitions
in the 1980s and 1990s under Dr. B J Habibie, who
went on to be president of Indonesia, albeit briefly,
and many of his ambitions for the then manufacturer
IPTN failed to come to fruition.
In India, state-owned manufacturer Hindustan
Aeronautics (HAL) is seeking a “globally proven”
original equipment manufacturer partner to design,
develop and manufacture a 50-80 -seat aircraft in
India under the country’s “Make In India” campaign.
In a request for information for the project, released
in March and which closed in mid-April, HAL says
the programme is in recognition of “the trends in
civil aviation growth, the demand and the Indian
government’s support to civil aviation, especially
towards air connectivity to tier two and tier three
HAL is seeking a joint venture partner for a
“quality and low-cost solution” for a 50-80 -seater.
The joint venture would be established in India, with
the selected OEM to manufacture and supply the
aircraft. The joint venture partner would also be
responsible for manufacturing, marketing and after
sales and maintenance support in India and other
countries, it says.
“HAL envisages a strategic alliance with the
primary manufacturer of a proven aircraft with the
most modern technology which can enter into service
quickly with the least investment and operating cost
of aircraft,” says the RFI.
In basic configuration, the 50-to 80-seater would
be a passenger aircraft, with variants for transport,
maritime patrol; cargo; combi; troop carrier;
surveillance; search and rescue; and air ambulance
among other roles. The aircraft should be modular
and capable of quick conversion from one role to
another, according to HAL.
“There is a substantial requirement for a 50-to-
80-seater short-haul aircraft for civil operations with
capabilities for customisation to diversified roles by
different defence customers and cargo operators in
India and third countries,” says the RFI.
The aircraft should be a medium-sized, twin
turbofan/turboprop, capable of operations from short
and semi-prepared runways and of operations in all
weather conditions, day and night, at high altitude
and in high humidity and adverse environmental
conditions, says the RFI. Furthermore, it should have
a sturdy airframe with robust and fail-safe structure,
with a long service life.
“The aircraft should have best operating
“The N219 is designed to meet the
needs for pioneer flights of extreme
geographical characteristics, where
the majority of airfields are very short
airstrips, unpaved runways and are
located at high altitude areas.”
PT DIRGANTARA INDONESIA
PTDI is developing the N219 regional
aircraft to meet the specific regional
transportation needs of the country.
5/05/2016 7:20:43 PM
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