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supply chains and the aircraft itself is fully integrated into an inter-
connected digital world.
At the same time cyber adversaries and their capabilities evolve
and adapt quickly. " This may be particularly challenging for an indus-
try where many of the systems have long design and development
periods. As technology radically transforms design production
operation and maintenance of aircraft models of safety and security
must adapt " the report says.
With the number of cyber security attacks on the aviation industry
increasing and their type and sophistication changing daily the
industry cannot be complacent. The industry has come to the real-
isation that the only way to confront the threat is through constant
communication and collaboration.
"As the domains of aviation and cybersecurity increasingly overlap
the common goals of safety resilience and trust can be achieved
sooner by working together " says the Atlantic Council. The increas-
ingly interconnected aviation industry must have a "clear coherent
vision" when it comes to cybersecurity it says.
To achieve such a vision the Atlantic Council suggests the
aviation industry focus on strengthening five foundations of
aviation cybersecurity --- systems thinking governance and
accountability; resilient systems; resilient trust; secured human
decision making; and shared perspective and culture. In the
first area weak links in the system must be found and secured.
The industry requires resilient systems engineering practices
and a resilient personnel culture to address adversary action.
Meanwhile stakeholder trust is at the forefront of the aviation
cybersecurity challenge. "If adversaries can erode trust they
are able to control passenger and stakeholder experience
perspective and confidence " says the report.
The importance of collaboration cannot be underestimated
says the Atlantic Council. "Understanding and bringing these
stakeholders together will be an essential aspect of holistically
moving forward together. This will require clear dialogue and
non-partisan collaborative e ort on behalf of the stakeholders
because the challenge has both complexity and depth: No one
group holds all the answers. Now is the time for collaboration
and action not circular discussions " the report urges.
A number of industry-wide bodies have emerged to allow the
sector to tackle the threat together. The Aviation Information
Sharing and Analysis Centre (A-ISAC is one such organisation
that is focused on collaboration and action. It was established
to provide an aviation-focused information sharing and analysis
function to help protect global aviation businesses operations
and services. The centre analyses and shares timely and relevant
and actionable cyber security information relating to threats
vulnerabilities and incidents. Membership of the organisation is
global and open to any company or organisation engaged in aviation.
A-ISAC has experienced "significant growth" in 2017 with rep-
resentation on five continents including the Asia-Pacific region
which is showing strong interest in the organisation. The organisation
declines to reveal its members but says: "Our corporate members hail
from all industry segments in the aviation industry to include airlines
airports equipment manufacturers the supply chain in-flight enter-
tainment providers avionics travel and satellite communications."
Just recently satellite system operator Inmarsat confirmed that
it had joined the organisation driven by its desire to be "proactive
in protecting our systems from potential cyber attacks" according
to Inmarsat's vice president for aviation safety and cybersecurity
"Companies can no longer operate as separate entities to keep
pace with the constantly changing cybersecurity landscape. By
being part of one association we receive real-time updates and
are networked across the global aviation ecosphere expanding our
security management capabilities exponentially " he adds.
Earlier this year A-ISAC teamed up with the International Air
Transport Association (IATA on a new tiered membership struc-
ture designed to attract IATA airlines to its ranks. "Our industry
partnerships are vital to spreading awareness of the unique value
◀ Some 96 percent of airports are investing resources into major
cybersecurity programmes over the next three years, according to
AATD (FAA) / FNPT II (EASA)
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