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United Aircraft -- Ilyushin Il-96
Production of the four-engine, twin-aisle Ilyushin Il-
96 jetliner has been continuing slowly, with as few as
nine slated for manufacture by VASO in Voronezh
during 2009-12. e Series 400T is the latest variant:
a stretched freight version of the PS-90-engined Il-
A er launch customer Aero ot Cargo cancelled its
order as the rst delivery was taking place, Voronezh-
based freight operator Polet agreed to accept the Il-
96-400Ts. Deliveries of an initial three aircra began
in 2008 under 15-year nancial leases from Ilyushin
Finance, which acts as Antonov's marketing agent.
e carrier has also taken options on a further three,
for delivery from this year.
Irkut -- MS-21
e Irkut MS-21 single-aisle airliner had a high-pro le
debut at July's Farnborough International air show,
with a partial cabin mock-up on display and many
order announcements. Development is being led by
Irkut and the Yakovlev Design Bureau, under the
United Aircra umbrella. e MS-21 will be o ered
with two engine options: the Aviadvigatel PD-14
twin-sha turbofan or Pratt & Whitney's PW1400G
P&W is seeking Russian partners, with the western
engine option allowing Irkut to o er a 12-15 percent
operating cost advantage over current narrowbody
designs. Earlier this year, conceptual de nition of
Aviadvigatel's PD-14 (initially dubbed PS-14) was said
to have reached a rm design stage, with development
costs put at US$1.1 billion.
e basic MS-21-200 variant will carry about 150
passengers in single-class con guration, and is to be
followed by a 181-seat Series 300 and the stretched
Series 400, accommodating 212 people. Standard and
extended-range models are planned, with a very-long-
range MS-21-200LR to follow.
MS-21 development has progressed from
completion of the pre-design stage last year to the main
design phase. Final assembly is to be performed by
Irkut's IAZ plant in Irkutsk, Siberia, while Aviastar is to
provide cabin furnishing and painting in Ulyanovsk.
First flight is scheduled for 2014, with Russian
certi cation expected in 2015, followed by entry into
ser vice and European approval a year later.
Russian state holding company Rostekhnologii
has signed a letter of intent for 50 aircra that are
understood to be earmarked for Aeroflot. Five
commitments have come from Moscow's Nordwind
airline, with an undisclosed customer having reserved
further aircra .
At the Farnborough show, nance and leasing
companies signed for almost 100 MS-21s and
took additional options. Ilyushin Finance ordered
28 (with 22 options), Russian lessor VEB-Lizing
committed to 15 (plus 15 options), and edgling
Malaysian lessor Crecom placed an order for 50.
Privately owned Crecom aspires to gain exclusive
MS-21 regional marketing rights and establish a
support centre for the type.
United Aircra perceives a global market for 1,200
MS-21s over 25 years, with just 300 earmarked for
domestic sales. e company believe that the MS-21
can account for around 10 percent of the 150- to 220-
seat class, equivalent to about 75 percent of production
Sukhoi -- Superjet 100
e Sukhoi Superjet (SSJ) 100, which rst ew in
May 2008, is expected to receive Russian airworthiness
approval by year's end, with European Aviation Safety
Agency (EASA) certification following in 2011.
Russia's rst major airliner since the Soviet Union
collapsed in 1991, the Superjet 100 completed eight
months' noise testing in October, before embarking on
high-intensity radiated elds trials. Italy's Finmeccanica
has a 25 percent stake in Sukhoi Civil Aircra .
The SSJ's PowerJet SaM146 turbofan engine,
jointly developed by Russia's NPO Saturn and France's
Snecma, received CIS and EASA approval in mid-
2010. PowerJet expects to have made 13 production-
standard engines by the end of this year, including one
spare, and plans to produce 30-50 in 2011.
Despite slower-than-expected initial delivery of
powerplants, Sukhoi was able to y all four prototypes
by February this year, using just six engines, with the
fourth aircra using the SaM146s from SSJ Number
1. By September, the four SSJ test aircra had logged
over 2,000 hours in almost 850 ights and static
testing of the airframe had been completed. Almost
20 SSJs were in assembly by October.
Sukhoi Civil Aircra has claimed an 8 percent fuel-
burn advantage for the SSJ over the competing Embraer
190 and 195, with a full 9,800kg payload. Operating
costs per passenger and per ight are stated to be 6-8
percent below those of the jet's direct competitors.
Sukhoi handles sales of the aircra in Russia,
China, India, the Middle East, and South-East
Asia, while Italian partner SuperJet International
covers Europe, North and South America, Africa,
Oceania and Japan. Much of the Superjet's appeal to
customers outside of Russia is attributed to a high
level of Western aerospace content and support.
Lu hansa Technik Logistik will provide spare-
parts distribution services for SuperJet International
at Frankfurt International airport, under a new, ve-
Orders for the SSJ have now passed the 150
mark. In October, Russian carrier UTAir said
it would order 75- and 95-seat SSJ variants to
replace its Tupolev Tu-134s. Atlant-Soyuz, which
is controlled by Moscow's city government, has said
it is considering ordering about 30 SSJs.
In September, US engine lessor Willis Lease
Finance agreed contracts for six Superjets (plus
four options), while new business announced at
Farnborough in July included the rming up of a
30-strong order from Indonesian carrier Kartika
Airlines. Preliminary deals were also struck covering
30 Superjets (plus 15 options) with new, Bermuda-
based aircra lessor Pearl Aircra and 12 (plus 12
options) with Bangkok-based Orient ai Airlines.
Alitalia, which received demonstration ights in
early October, is understood to require 20 aircra
-- possibly from Pearl's lease eet -- while Lu hansa
has also has been reported to be a potential
customer. Russian gas company Gazprom has an
"agreement of intent" for 10 aircra for 2013-15
delivery. A letter of intent from Hungarian carrier
Malev for up to 30 Superjets may be converted into
an order before next year.
First deliveries are scheduled for the turn of the
year, with initial aircra going to Aero ot, Armavia,
and Finance Leasing Company. In 2012, Superjets
will go to Avialeasing, Kartika Airlines, and Laos-
based Phongsavanh Airlines, which has a tentative
agreement for three aircra and six options. Sukhoi
expects to ramp up the production rate to 50
aircra a year by 2014 and subsequently increase
The basic Irkut MS-21-200 will carry about 150 passengers in a single-class
configuration, and is to be followed by the larger Series 300 and 400 versions.
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