Home' Asian Aviation : AAV Dec Jan 2010 Contents 36 AsianAviation | DECEMBER 2010 / JANUARY 2011
legislation, the AAPA fears emissions trading schemes
in Australia and California may seek to include
aviation and could be followed by a series of other
"Even though governments reached a consensus
at the ICAO 37th Assembly last month, this may
not pre vent the introduction of a patchwork of
nationally- or regionally-imposed, market-based
measures," Herdman said.
e nal two resolutions passed by AAPA covered
safety and security. On safety, too, European and US
legislation putting pressure on Asian carriers. But
unlike the costly consumer-protection or emissions-
trading legislation, the AAPA is broadly supportive
of the US Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA's)
Category 2 watch-list of airlines and even the blacklist
of carriers banned from European airspace due to fears
over their safety records.
But safety problems o en originate not with airlines
themselves, but with national aviation safety agencies
and their relative lack of oversight, Herdman argued.
"You're only as good as your regulator," he said.
Johnson, who personally signs o the blacklist a er
consultation with the European Aviation Safety Agency
(EASA), pointed to the case of Garuda Indonesia,
which undertook the Internatioanal Air Transport
Association's Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) and
was able to demonstrate acceptable standards using
its own procedures-led safety standards, despite the
country's overall record being poor.
As a result, Garuda became the rst Indonesian
carrier to resume ying to Europe a er the country's
airlines received a blanket ban from the EU in 2007, due
to concerns over the safety culture within Indonesia's
National Transportation Safety Committee.
Johnson said the EU's latest area of concern is the
Philippines, where the national carrier Philippine
Airlines (PAL) has been subject to Category 2 status
since 2008, despite completing its own IOSA. PAL's
tentative plans to return to Europe with the restoration
of it services to Zurich and Paris was dealt a blow in
September when all Philippines-based airlines were
prohibited from operating within the EU. Similar
concerns exist for a number of other, smaller Asian
nations, Johnson said.
Herdman said the Asia-Pacific region needs
properly resourced safety regulators. "All our member
countries are signatories of ICAO, but the track
record in implementing its aviation safety regulations
has been imperfect and some need help to pull up,"
he said. A pooling of oversight capabilities across the
region, similar to what has happened in Europe and
is now taking place in the South Paci c would be one
potential solution, albeit politically unlikely.
Sta secondment from the region's leading oversight
bodies was another short-term option, he proposed.
However, since much of the role of the aviation
authorities is to ensure international treaty obligations
are met and that the intricate texts of annexes are
made into national law, Herdman said the issue
remains largely about recruiting and retaining good
"[In the] long term, the pay scales need to be high
enough to retain sta and take away the temptation for
corruption," he said.
Similarly, Asia must work with Europe and the US on
the issue of security, Herdman said.
The presidents' assembly came just days after
the attempt to ship liquid explosives hidden inside
printers from Yemen to two Chicago synagogues
using airline belly freight and the association was
anxious that governments should not leap to rash
decisions. Martin Eran-Tasker, the AAPA's technical
director, said airlines should be grateful that key
lawmakers including the US secretary of homeland
security Janet Napolitano, were attending the
IATA aviation security conference AvSec World in
Frankfurt when the attempt took place, allowing
experts to counsel them immediately.
The fear of kne e-jerk reactions to the latest
attempted act of terrorism is greatest for Asian
carriers, who together carry some 40 percent of all
air cargo. Eran-Tasker said the most extreme counter-
terrorism idea being considered in some world
capitals is to ban all unaccompanied cargo from
passenger aircra .
In the US, where there are dedicated freighters
and a vast segregated air-cargo infrastructure, this
would be a terrible idea, he said, but in Asia it would
be catastrophic. Only half of all air cargo is carried by
freighters, he said.
Luckily, Herdman said, reaction to the latest
Cathay Pacific CEO Tony Tyler objected to the carrier having to pay
for two weeks' hotel accommodation for stranded UK passengers.
AAPA Summit Report
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