Home' Asian Aviation : AAV_March_2013 Contents 10 AsianAviation | MARCH 2013
Global passenger traffic rose 5.3% for 2012,
but cargo traffic continued its fall, recording a
1.5% on the previous year, according to the
International Air Transport Association.
IATA points out that although the increase
in passenger demand was down on 2011 s
5.9% growth, it was above the 5% 20
year average, while load factors were at
near record levels at 79.1%. Demand in
international markets grew at a faster rate --
6% - than domestic travel -- 4% - with emerging
markets being the drivers of growth.
In the international market, the strongest
growth came from the emerging markets of the
Middle East (up 15%), Latin America (8.4%)
and Africa (7.5%). Capacity grew more slowly
that demand (4%), with a near record level
international load factor of 78.9%.
In the Asia-Pacific region, passenger traffic
climbed 5.2% during the year -- stronger
than the 4% growth the previous year,
although 2011 figures were affected by the
Japanese tsunami. The year started slowly
for the Asia-Pacific region, says IATA, but
the fourth quarter was boosted by a revival
in the Chinese economy and strengthening
momentum in Asian exports and imports.
Average load factor was a healthy 77.5%.
The Asia-Pacific region contributed about a
fifth of the total industry growth, says IATA.
European airlines passenger traffic grew
5.3% - sharply down on the 9.5% growth
of 2011 -- while North American carriers
reported the slowest international passenger
growth of any region at 1.3% (4.1% in 2011).
Middle Eastern carriers contributed almost
a third of the total expansion with 15.4%
growth, while Latin American carriers were
up 8.4%. African airlines had a solid year,
with 7.5% growth, says IATA.
Domestic travel increased 4%, with China
and Brazil being the strongest performers -- at
9.5% and 8.6% respectively. Chinese capacity
growth of 11.3% outstripped demand, but at
80.9% Chinese load factor remained strong.
Japan s domestic market grew 3.6%, while
capacity climbed 2.3%. Japanese domestic
demand continues to suffer from a weak
economy that stalled the recovery from the
2011 earthquake and tsunami, says the
association. Japan s domestic market is still
7% smaller than before the tsunami, with the
weakest load factor (62%) among the major
Indian domestic travel shrank by 2.1% on
2011 levels. Weak economic growth was
exacerbated by increasing operational costs,
insufficient infrastructure, high taxes and
onerous regulation, says IATA.
"Passenger demand grew strongly in
2012 despite the economic bad news that
dominated much of the last 12 months. This
demonstrates just how integral global air travel
is for today s connected world," says Tony
Tyler, IATA director general and chief executive
officer. "At the same time, near record load
factors illustrate the extreme care with which
airlines manage capacity. Growth and high
aircraft utilisation combined to help airlines
deliver an estimated US$6.7 billion profit in
2012 despite high fuel prices," he adds.
The picture is less rosy for cargo traffic, with
the global market contracting 1.5% - the second
consecutive drop. Asia-Pacific airlines reported
a 5.5% decline in demand and cut capacity by
2.4% (See Cargo feature on P20-21).
Tyler says airlines are entering 2013 with
"some guarded optimism". -- Emma Kelly
Strong traffic growth in December pushed
Singapore Changi Airport s total passenger
throughput for the year to beyond the 50
million passenger mark for the first time in the
airport s history.
Passenger traffic for the year topped 51.2
million -- up 10% on the previous year. Flight
movements grew 7.6% to 324,700, while
cargo volumes fell 3.2% to 1.81 million tonnes.
An 8.6% year-on-year growth in passenger
traffic in December pushed monthly passenger
movements to 4.92 million, with the daily
record broken on 22 December when 180,400
passengers passed through the airport.
Changi handles more than 6,500 weekly
scheduled flights with 110 airlines connecting
Singapore to 240 cities in 60 countries.
During the year, there was encouraging
improvement in demand for travel to and
from Europe, despite weak market conditions
in the Eurozone, says the airport. During the
year, passenger traffic between Singapore
and Europe grew 7.5%. South Asia topped
the growth list at 12.4%, with Northeast Asia
following at 9.9%, Southeast Asia (9.7%) and
Southwest Pacific (9.4%). Jakarta, Hong Kong,
Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Manila were the
five busiest routes from Singapore in 2012.
The airport welcomed five new carriers
during the year -- low-cost carrier Scoot,
Bhutan flag carrier Drukair, AirAsia
Philippines, Shenzhen Airlines and all-cargo
carrier Yangtze River Express.
"2012 was indeed a good year for us. In
spite of the economic challenges faced by
the aviation industry, we stayed nimble and
worked extremely closely with our partners,"
says Lee Seow Hiang, chief executive officer.
-- Emma Kelly
PASSENGER TRAFFIC UP IN 2012, CARGO FALLS FURTHER
TOPS 50 MILLION
PASSENGERS IN 2012
SINGAPORE CHANGI AIRPORT
2012 was a good year for Singapore Changi Airport.
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