Home' Asian Aviation : AAV_March_2013 Contents 24 AsianAviation | MARCH 2013
In the medium-term, to enable the airport to cope
with demand, over HK$12 billion-worth of midfield
and apron development projects are under way.
By the end of 2015, the airport authority hopes to
complete the midfield development, which involves
building a five-level, 105,000sq metre passenger
concourse; 20 parking stands; extension of the
automated people mover connecting the midfield
with Terminal 1 and other passenger facilities;
and construction of a cross-field taxiway. The
development will allow the airport to handle 10
million more passengers each year.
In addition, the HK$2.2 billion west apron
development is scheduled for completion by the end
of 2014. It comprises 16 parking stands; a cross-
runway vehicular tunnel linking the west apron to the
cargo area; and other related supporting facilities.
HKIA is by no means alone in its developments.
In Singapore, for example, Changi Airport Group
(CAG) closed and demolished Singapore Changi
Airport's budget terminal last September in order to
construct a larger passenger building.
Construction of the new S$600 million Terminal
4 starts this year and is scheduled for completion
by 2017. It will be capable of handling 16 million
passengers per annum -- increasing total airport
capacity to 82 million -- and designed to enable
efficient passenger processing and quick turnaround
The old budget terminal handled more than 4.6
million passenger movements in 2011. The airport
authority says while Changi Airport, which has a
total capacity of more than 70 million passengers
per annum, still has room to accommodate traffic
growth, it believes in planning ahead.
Over the past decade, passenger traffic at
Changi has increased at a compound annual
growth rate of 5.4%. In 2011, the airport handled
46.5 million passenger movements -- a year-on-year
increase of 5.2%. Last year, the airport achieved
a passenger movements record, handling over 50
million -- just two years after the airport passed
the 40 million milestone. "CAG will continue to
invest in infrastructure at Changi Airport to ensure
that we keep pace with future growth and that we
continually provide passengers with a first class
Changi experience," says Lee Seow Hiang, CAG
chief executive officer.
Another airport in the region that takes great pride in
the experience it delivers is South Korea's Incheon
International Airport, which has won Airports Council
International's World Best Airport award seven years
in a row.
The airport is in the middle of its third-phase
expansion project, which includes construction of
a second passenger terminal, new aprons and a
connecting railway. A second cargo apron is also
being expanded, along with refuelling and storage
The third-phase project is expected to be
completed in 2017, with the airport aiming to become
a major northeast Asian airport hub, handling 410,000
arrivals and departures and an annual capacity of 62
million passengers and 5.8 million tons of cargo. The
number of passengers at the airport has grown by
about 7% per annum since the airport opened in
March 2001, with over 35 million handled and almost
230,000 flights in 2011.
Incheon is also building its overseas business
and is involved in a number of airport upgrade and
development projects elsewhere. For example, last
year it won a three year project management service
contract from the Kurdistan Regional Government
for the construction of the new Duhok Airport. Some
US$200 million is being invested in the airport which
will have an annual passenger capacity of 500,000.
Incheon has also won a contract for construction
management for building a new passenger terminal
and renovating existing facilities at Puerto Princesca
Airport in the Philippines for three years, as well as
providing consulting services to modernise the third
passenger terminal at Manila International Airport.
This year, in June, will see the opening of Malaysia's
KLIA2. The 3.6 billion Malaysian Ringgit facility will
have a capacity for 45 million passengers a year. The
257,000sq metre facility has 60 gates, eight remote
stands, 80 aerobridges and a retail area capable of
accommodating over 200 outlets. The new facility
has been necessary primarily due to the massive
growth in low-cost travel in the region.
"KLIA2 is the embodiment of Malaysia Airports'
commitment towards operational excellence and
passenger comfort and safety. The state-of-the-art
facility embedded in KLIA2 will provide the necessary
leap as the next generation hub, to further grow
and strengthen the nation's aviation sector," says
Airports of Thailand is accelerating the
Suvarnabhumi Expansion Project Phase II just six
years after opening Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport.
The airport has a capacity for 45 million passengers
annually, but traffic has been steadily growing since
it opened at the end of 2006, rising to 48 million
passengers in 2011.
Air Asia Group's move to Don Mueang Airport in
October has provided some relief -- in the form of
134 flights a day and eight million passengers a year.
In fiscal year 2013, AOT still expects Suvarnabhumi
to handle about 44.45 million passengers, says
Somchai Sawasdeepon, acting president.
The expansion project, which is due for completion
in 2017 and will cost over 62.5 billion baht, will allow
the airport to handle a further 15 million passengers
annually, pushing the total capacity to 60 million.
The project involves constructing a 216,000 sq
"CAG will continue to invest in infrastructure at Changi Airport," says CAG.
The Asia-Pacific region achieved a 5.2% growth in passenger traffic last year.
The third runway for Hong Kong International Airport is one of the
most significant airport projects for the region in the years ahead.
HONG KONG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
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