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AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
ICAO Asia and Pacific O ice, told delegates at the
same event. In order to expedite PBN implementa-
tion, ICAO's APAC o ice has launched a PBN-Go
team initiative whereby a group of experts visit
States in the region to provide guidance on how
to address issues. Laos was due to be the first
state visited by the PBN-Go team in the third
quarter of 2017.
ICAO has provided direct technical assistance to states that have
been struggling to address ATM deficiencies, including Cambodia,
Nepal, Indonesia, Bhutan, Bangladesh, North Korea, Indonesia
"What's holding the APAC ATM back?" asks Mishra. " The two
biggest areas holding APAC ATM back are the slow pace of civil-mil-
itary cooperation and the lack of human performance consistent
with leading ANSPs," he suggests. "The reason for the former is
largely political in nature, while the latter is largely because of a lack
of an aviation culture where people bring national culture into the
workplace, which can be inconsistent with best practice," he adds.
Industry associations continue their e orts to progress seamless
skies. IATA says it continues its advocacy e orts intended to en-
courage states to implement aspects of the plan, with an emphasis
on helping those that are less capable, "particularly those that
are strategically important in terms of current or future key
tra ic flows"
. IATA has also supported the cross-border ATFM
component of the plan through a study in 2014 which formed
part of the regional ATFM framework, says Cowles. "Wherever
possible we strongly advocate for, and support, 'whole of route
solutions' and cross-border/multi-state planning," he adds.
CANSO, which was a member of the planning group that
drafted the Seamless ATM Plan, says it remains fully com-
mitted to working with ICAO on implementing the plan and
transforming ATM in the region. "CANSO has been working
with its Asia-Pacific members through CANSO regional work-
groups, workshops and conferences to share and promote best
practices in the priority areas such as ATFM, A-CDM [airport
collaborative decision making], AIDC [ATS Inter-facility Da-
ta-link Communications] and AIM [aeronautical information
management]. It is also helping to drive cross-border projects
such as ADS-B [automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast]
data-sharing, en route PBN harmonisation and ATFM to im-
prove operational e iciency and e ectiveness," it adds.
CANSO says it is also encouraging states to invest in ATM
by raising awareness of the important role that it plays in in-
creasing connectivity and delivering economic benefits. "This
includes working with all stakeholders, including States, reg-
ulators, airlines, airports and manufacturers, both regionally
and globally, to understand the need for and ultimately support
investment in ATM," says CANSO.
In the meantime, tra ic in the region continues to rise, causing
congestion and knock-on problems. "China in particular has
experienced significant challenges with evidence of congestion on
key routes and lack of availability of additional slots at major airports,
leading to deterioration in on-time performance and the e ects of
disruption following adverse weather events or other external factors,"
says AAPA's Herdman. " The authorities are taking steps to address
these challenges, but much more remains to be done given the con-
tinued growth in travel demand," he adds.
"Other bottlenecks have been identified around the region and
are being addressed, although some like us would argue that even
greater e orts are needed," says Herdman. He adds: "Apart from the
deterioration in on-time performance which a ects customer service
levels, congestion and delays also lead to higher costs and adverse
environmental impact due to the additional fuel consumption and
It appears that seamless Asian skies may be some way o .
The two biggest areas holding APAC ATM back are the
slow pace of civil-military cooperation and the lack of
human performance consistent with leading ANSPs.
ARUN MISHRA, ICAO
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